Spanish Language

How do you use the Verb Viajar in Spanish



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Spanish verb conjugation: Viajar

If you are interested in learning a second language, one of the most important tasks is to learn the verbs of that language. Without the ability to conjugate verbs, you will be at a loss when it comes to conversing in any language.

The Spanish verb viajar means "to travel" or "to take a trip" in English. Just as in English, there are different forms of the verb depending on who the subject is and what the tense is. The objective of this article is to present for you in an organized format, conjugations of the verb viajar for the most important verb tenses.

Throughout this article you will notice letters enclosed in parentheses. Due to formatting constraints, these parentheses are being used in the place of accents above letters. The benefit to you as the reader is that accents are meant to indicate stress. Wherever you see parentheses around a letter, it means that you should emphasize that syllable in the word.

You will probably find it is hard not to emphasize that syllable when it is surrounded by parentheses! If there are no parentheses in a word, you generally should stress the second to last syllable.

In general, in Spanish, the subject of the sentence is dropped unless there is ambiguity about who the subject is. For the purposes of this article, subjects will be left out. However, for your reference, they are presented below:

Yo = I
Tu = You (informal)
Usted = You (formal)
El/Ella = He/She

Nosotros/Nosotras = We
Vosotros/Vosotras = You
Ustedes = You (plural)
Ellos/Ellas = They

Another important note, is that "vosotros" is only used in Spain. If you don't live in Spain and don't plan to travel there, you can ignore this verb form!

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1. Viajar: Present Indicative

The present indicative is used to refer to actions in the present.

Viajo = I travel
Viajas = You travel (formal)
Viaja = You travel (informal), He/She travels

Viajamos = We travel
Viaj(a)is = You travel (plural - Spain)
Viajan = You travel (plural), They travel

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2. Viajar: Past tense (Preterite)

The preterite is used to refer to actions in the past that are completed.

Viaj(e) = I traveled
Viajaste = You traveled (informal)
Viaj(o) = You traveled (formal), He/She traveled

Viajamos = We traveled
Viajasteis = You traveled (plural - Spain)
Viajaron = You traveled (plural), They traveled

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3. Viajar: Past tense (Imperfect)

The imperfect tense is used to refer to actions in the past that were habitual or continuing. Notice that the verb form is the same for the "I", "you" (formal), "he" and "she" forms. This should make learning this tense very easy!

Viajaba = I used to travel
Viajabas = You used to travel (informal)
Viajaba = You used to travel (formal), He/She used to travel

Viaj(a)bamos = We used to travel
Viajabais = You used to travel (plural - Spain)
Viajaban = You used to travel (plural), They used to travel

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4. Viajar: Present Perfect

The present perfect is used to refer to things that you have done. The present perfect of viajar is formed by using the correct form of the helping verb "haber" plus the past participle of viajar. Clear as mud? It really is quite simple.

Take "viajar" and drop the "ar". Add the letters "ado" to the end and presto, you have the past participle, "viajado", which means "traveled". All you need now is another word before it that means "have" as you will see described below.

He viajado = I have traveled
Has viajado = You have traveled (informal)
Ha viajado = You have traveled (formal), He/She has traveled

Hemos viajado = We have traveled
Hab(e)is viajado = You have traveled (plural - Spain)
Han viajado = You have traveled (plural), They have traveled

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5. Viajar: Present Progressive

The present progressive is a very easy tense to learn and a good one to start out with. Basically, it has to do with the ending "ing" in English. When you say "I am traveling" in English, you are using the present progressive. In Spanish, instead of adding "ing" they add "ando". Then all you need is a word at the beginning that says "am", "is", or "are" (as shown below) and you are all set.

Estoy viajando = I am traveling
Est(a)s viajando = You are traveling (informal)
Est(a) viajando = You are traveling (formal), He/She is traveling

Estamos viajando = We are traveling
Est(a)is viajando = You are traveling (plural - Spain)
Est(a)n viajando = You are traveling (plural), They are traveling

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6. Viajar: Future

There is a very simple way of creating the future tense in Spanish and it mirrors how we speak in English. In English we say "I am going to travel". The Spanish sentence is created in the same way. The words "to travel" are replaced by "viajar". All we need is some words at the beginning that mean "going to" which are described below.

Voy a viajar = I am going to travel
Vas a viajar = You are going to travel (informal)
Va a viajar = You are going to travel (formal), He/She is going to travel

Vamos a viajar = We are going to travel
Vais a viajar = You are going to travel (plural - Spain)
Van a viajar = You are going to travel (plural), They are going to travel

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7. Viajar: Future Perfect

There is another future tense that you will not hear very often in conversation. Make note of this form since it is used in writing, but when you are speaking, it is easiest to use the future tense described in item 6.

Viajar(e) = I will travel
Viajar(a)s = You will travel (informal)
Viajar(a) = You will travel (formal), He/She will travel

Viajaremos = We will travel
Viajar(e)is = You will travel (plural - Spain)
Viajar(a)n = You will travel (plural), They will travel

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8. Viajar: Imperative

The imperative tense is used when you are giving a command. Since it is a command, it is only used with the "you" forms of the verb.

Viaja = Travel (informal)
Viaje = Travel (formal)

Viajad = Travel (plural - Spain)
Viajen = Travel (plural)

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9. Viajar: Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive is a form of the present tense that is used after certain expressions. In general, in Spanish, if you say things like "I hope that", "I doubt that", "I'm afraid that", the rest of the sentence takes the subjunctive form of the verb. A complete explanation of the subjunctive is beyond the scope of this article. For further information consult the reference given at the end.

Viaje = I travel
Viajes = You travel (informal)
Viaje = You travel (formal), He/She travels

Viajemos = We travel
Viaj(e)is = You travel (plural - Spain)
Viajen = You travel (plural), They travel

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10. Viajar: Past Subjunctive

The past subjunctive is used in the same circumstances as described above for the present subjunctive.

Viajara = I traveled
Viajaras = You traveled (informal)
Viajara = You traveled (formal), He/She traveled

Viaj(a)ramos = We traveled
Viajarais = You traveled (plural - Spain)
Viajaran = You traveled (plural), They traveled

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11. Viajar: Compound Subjunctive

The compound subjunctive is used to say that you "have" done something in the same circumstances as outlined for the present subjunctive.

Haya viajado = I have traveled
Hayas viajado = You have traveled (informal)
Haya viajado = You have traveled (formal), He/She has traveled

Hayamos viajado = We have traveled
Hay(a)is viajado = You have traveled (plural - Spain)
Hayan viajado = You have traveled (plural), They have traveled

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12. Viajar: Conditional

The conditional tense is used to say that you "would" do something.

Viajar(i)a = I would travel
Viajar(i)as = You would travel (informal)
Viajar(i)a = You would travel (formal), He/She would travel

Viajar(i)amos = We would travel
Viajar(i)ais = You would travel (plural - Spain)
Viajar(i)an = You would travel (plural), They would travel

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13. Viajar: Past Perfect Indicative

The past perfect indicative is used to say that you "had" done something.

Hab(i)a viajado = I had traveled
Hab(i)as viajado = You had traveled (informal)
Hab(i)a viajado = You had traveled (formal), He/She had traveled

Hab(i)amos viajado = We had traveled
Hab(i)ais viajado = You had traveled (plural - Spain)
Hab(i)an viajado = You had traveled (plural), They had traveled

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14. Viajar: Past Perfect Subjunctive

The past perfect subjunctive is used to say that you "had" done something after the expressions typically requiring the subjunctive.

Hubiera viajado = I had traveled
Hubieras viajado = You had traveled (informal)
Hubiera viajado = You had traveled (formal), He/She had traveled

Hubi(e)ramos viajado = We had traveled
Hubierais viajado = You had traveled (plural - Spain)
Hubieran viajado = You had traveled (plural), They had traveled

Reference

Madrigal, M. Madrigal's Magic Key to Spanish (1989). New York: Broadway Books.




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