“Animal Farm”, an allegorical novella by George Orwell is well known and famous around the 1940s. This book, with its hilarious content and a mixture of political issues reflects the Stalin events before World War II. This book is included in the Greatest Books of The Western World as well and places at number 31 on the List of Best 20th-Century Novels. This only book of Orwell’s can possibly change one’s view of the political world and modernization.
This book contains a lot of themes, starting off with the corruption of socialist ideals in the Soviet Union. This book uses animals as the characters in the book playing as real humans and leaders in our real world. The pigs represent the ruling class during the Russian Revolution while other animals represent others who allowed the pigs to gain control. The fight over power between Napoleon and Snowball also represents the struggle between Trotsky and Stalin in the real world. Stalin, or Napoleon, tries to eliminate his enemies and those who he distrusts in order to make his position powerful and so no one could take his place. This main theme also points to Soviet communism’s violence against human ideas, logic, and language.
Another main theme of the story is the danger of humans that work under the rule of a leader. Described in the book, Orwell chooses to use Boxer as an example for humans who followed instructions that were given from leaders without finding out how and why things happen and whether there is justice between the citizens. Clover is an example of those who wonder how things happen and those who want to free themselves from an authoritarian rule. This theme demonstrates how the unwillingness to question authority causes the working class to suffer. George Orwell, the author of this book uses intermediate words and gives context clues which help the readers to easily understand what the author is trying to explain in each situation. He uses the real facts about Stalin and Trotsky to replace the characteristics of Napoleon and Snowball. He is a great and creative thinker and chooses to use songs, poems, slogans. By making the working-class animals speak the same words at the same time, the pigs create a strong and powerful atmosphere to strengthen the beliefs of the working animals in the farm.
Orwell’s use of symbolism is the most important thing the readers should be able to understand and to picture out the whole story and the events. In the book, Mr. Jones represents Czar Nicholas II, the leader before Stalin. Jones represents the old government, and was uprooted by the animals. The animals did not know what will happen, they did not predict or make guesses about the future and so the dreams of freedom from humanity are not accomplished. The old boar starts the change and the questioning of authority in this story. Orwell did not speak about Napoleon or Snowball when the mayor speaks in public to all the animals to start a change and to accomplish his dreams. Napoleon and Snowball was sparked by the mayor’s speeches and so when he died, they take over as dominant leaders. Orwell uses the pigs to surround and support Napoleon which symbolizes the communist party loyalists and the friends of Stalin. The pigs, unlike other animals, live in luxury and enjoy the benefits of the society they help to control. Inequality among the animals and injustice is expressed by Orwell in the story; at last he states in the story that the only animals that have freedom and live happy lives are the dogs and the pigs.
Orwell based major events in the book on ones from the Soviet Union during the Stalin era. Like what explained in the paragraph above, the characters represent real life humans in Russian revolution. In the book, the animals hoped for better lives but in the end, it became worse. In real life, the ruling class was supposed to help and detect major problems of the society but at last it remained the same and even worse. The pigs try their best to eliminate humans from all the brains of the animals in order for them to greatly rule as dominant leaders. But actually humans they rebelled against are even better than Napoleon, Snowball, Squealer, and the supporters of the government. In the real historical event, Stalin masks Czar with a good personality and made him look like a nice, trustworthy guy when he is actually the opposite. Also, the revolutionary leaders begin to educate people in ways of communism, which is similar to Napoleon when he announces that little piglets should be educated and schools should be formed especially for them. In the story, Moses talks a lot about the Sugar Candy Mountain which may bring faith and beliefs to all the animals. He came back again to the farm when Napoleon calls him to; this event is similar to when Stalin reinstalled back the Russian Orthodox Church. Napoleon adjusts himself in becoming strong, powerful, and forceful so that all animals could respect him gratefully; parallel to Stalin, with his fierce personality and strength, he had an ability to scare people and to cover them all with fear and frightfulness.
In the overall story, Orwell’s use of themes, characters, songs, poems, quotes, and historical events, make Animal farm the greatest book ever. With a comparison to real-life events, he based the story on them but uses animals to represent them, which makes the book more interesting and imaginative. His uses of songs, poems, and quotes strengthen and influence the readers to go along with the story and make them feel that they are in the situations themselves. With Orwell’s great use of themes, the readers could pick out many morals of the story which could be use in our modernize world. Humans were all born with selfishness and with, somehow, a strong sense of self-centeredness. But by reading this book, morals lie deep inside the events in the story which could probably elevate and polish their hearts. George Orwell, an author as well as a well known socialist, would probably make big changes and impact us all with his treasured achievement, “Animal Farm”.